Bacteria are the most widespread and diverse type of life in the world. There exists at least one type of bacteria that can breakdown anything with a carbon chain. But bacteria have been found in the most extreme conditions on earth – including a recently discovered bacteria which consumes iron.
Archaea and bacteria are single cell life forms, lacking a nuclei and often living in colonies. Archaea were initially classified as bacteria, but are now understood to be more closely related to eukaryotes (life whose cells can have a nucleus, including humans) than to real bacteria.
Scientists have categorizing types of life for decades, with bacteria and archaea creating some of the greatest difficulties because of their size and similar appearance. By sequencing DNA, we have come to understand that the tree of life looks a bit like this:
More recently, we have begun to understand that many species of bacteria swap genetic material, and that with respect to bacteria, it is not a “tree” as much as a cloud of related species.
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A California B-corp, SymSoil is a leader in development of biological soil amendments for agriculture that restores the microbes that provide the right food to the plant roots, improving plant health, and making food more nutrient dense and flavorful, the way nature intended. SymSoil has products and services for growers using regenerative agriculture methodologies which improve profitability. Its flagship product, SymSoil® RC (Robust Compost) is a complex community of soil microbes, which includes in excess of 1,000 species, covering broad biodiversity of bacteria, fungi, amoebae, and other protozoa, beneficial nematodes and microarthropods. SymSoil was named one of 2019’s AgTech Companies to Watch.